Showing posts with label China. Show all posts
Showing posts with label China. Show all posts

EAM Sushma Swaraj Left For China On 4-Day Visit For SCO Meet.

External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj left for China on a four-day visit. She will participate in a meeting of the foreign ministers of the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO).
 She will hold talks with her Chinese counterpart Wang Yi. This will be Ms Swaraj’s first meeting with Wang after he was elevated to be the state councillor. The visit is aimed at elevating the China-India strategic cooperation partnership.

ARE WAR CLOUDS GATHERING OVER DOKLAM AGAIN?


CHINA has bolstered its fighter jet arsenal along its southwestern borders to prepare for a “possible military confrontation” that could lead to the outbreak of World War 3 with India, it has been revealed.

Heavy deployment of People’s Liberation Army (PLA) personnel close to last year’s site of confrontation and hectic build-up by the Chinese in North Doklam, including concrete posts, helipads, new trenches, and a concrete observation tower less than 10 metres from the Indian Army’s most forward trench. Fighting posts have been created on almost every hillock on the North Doklam plateau, according to his reports, confirming sporadic media reports of Chinese troops digging in rather than leaving the area.

New Delhi has also made military moves with the country reportedly adding its Su-30 MKI fighters to its border.

Geng Shuang was recently asked about military moves from India and emphasised that both countries wish to maintain “peace and tranquility” on the border.

He continued: "We hope the Indian side can work with China to uphold the peace and tranquillity of the border areas because this is in common interests of both sides."

Tensions between the two nations took a turn for the worst last summer when both sent military forces to Doklam that sits under the territory of New Delhi’s ally, Bhutan.

Chinese use Dolly science to create monkey clones



Biologists in Shanghai, China, have created the first primates cloned with a technique similar to the one used to clone Dolly the sheep and nearly two dozen other species. The method has failed to produce live primates until now.

Researchers hope to use this revised technique to develop populations of genetically identical primates to provide improved animal models of human disorders, such as cancer. The technology, described in Cell on 24 January, could also be combined with gene-editing tools such as CRISPR–Cas9 to create genetically engineered primate-brain models of human disorders, including Parkinson’s disease.

“This paper really marks the beginning of a new era for biomedical research,” says Xiong Zhi-Qi, a neuroscientist who studies brain disease at the Chinese Academy of Sciences Institute of Neuroscience (ION) in Shanghai. He was not involved in the cloning project.

But the achievement is also likely to raise some concerns among scientists and the public that the technique might be used to create cloned humans. “Technically, there is no barrier to human cloning,” says ION director Mu-Ming Poo, who is a co-author of the study. But ION is interested only in making cloned non-human primates for research groups, says Poo: “We want to produce genetically identical monkeys. That is our only purpose.”

Primates have proved tricky to copy, despite many attempts using the standard cloning technique. In that method, the DNA of a donor cell is injected into an egg that has had its own genetic material removed.

ION researchers Sun Qiang and Liu Zhen combined several techniques developed by other groups to optimize the procedure. One trick was to undo chemical modifications in the DNA that occur when embryonic cells turn into specialized cells. The researchers had more success with DNA from fetal cells, rather than cells from live offspring.

Using fetal cells, they created 109 cloned embryos, and implanted nearly three-quarters of them into 21 surrogate monkeys. This resulted in six pregnancies. Two long-tailed macaques (Macaca fascicularis) survived birth: Zhong Zhong, now eight weeks old, and Hua Hua, six weeks. Poo says that the pair seem healthy so far. The institute is now awaiting the birth of another six clones.